What is polytrauma ?
Poly: multiple; trauma: injury
When a person suffers from multiple injuries at the same time it is termed as polytrauma. Polytrauma can be associated with multiple fractures, head injuries, chest injury (ribs/ lungs) or abdominal injuries (liver, spleen, kidney or other organs).
What are the problems in polytrauma ?
Polytrauma patients may have excessive blood loss which results in decreased blood pressure, coma or even death in very severe cases. Apart from fractures we may see head injury, chest injury and abdominal injuries, which themselves are very serious injuries and may need ICU care and surgery.
What is mortality in polytrauma ?
Upto 40% mortality is seen in patients with two systems serious injuries (that is; head injury with multiple fractures or chest injury along with abdominal injury); with more systems involved mortality (death rate) may go as high as 75%.